Oscar H. Allis, M.D.

   H. Augustus Wilson M.D.

   James T. Rugh, M.D.

   James R. Martin, M.D.

   Anthony F. DePalma, M.D.

   John J. Gartland, M.D.

   Richard H. Rothman, M.D., Ph.D.
Oscar H. Allis, M.D. (1836-1921)
Clinical Lecturer in Orthopaedic Surgery (1888-1891)
Oscar Allis had a great interest in problems of a mechanical nature and devised the Allis forceps, which remains a widely used surgical instrument today. He practiced general surgery in many Philadelphia hospitals and, for a period of about ten years, was a member of the Department of Surgery at Jefferson Hospital. He began giving lectures on orthopaedic surgery at Jefferson, in response to his own interest, during 1879. This interest was formally recognized when he was named Clinical Lecturer of Orthopaedic Surgery in 1888. These lectures were given during the summer courses while he was working in surgery with the younger Gross. He is generally credited with organizing the orthopaedic outpatient clinic at Jefferson in the 1877 Hospital. He focused attention on the mechanical problems encountered in surgery, thus preparing the environment for the eventual establishment of a separate Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. He continued to be involved with Jefferson's early interest in orthopaedics until he resigned from the faculty in 1891.

Allis was widely regarded as an authority on fractures and dislocations during his lifetime. He was awarded the Gross Prize of the Philadelphia Academy of Surgery in 1895 for his monograph on Obstacles to the Reduction of Dislocation of the Hip. Just before his death in 1921, he completed a work, illustrated with a model, demonstrating the functions of the spinal column with its musculature. He used this device to call attention to the effect of posture on normal spinal curvature and the bad effect of faulty posture. His biographer in American Medical Biographies published in 1928 said of Allis: "He shone rather as an investigator of surgical problems and a deviser of useful surgical instruments than as an operator. While he was a man of the finest character, universally respected and trusted, yet he was somewhat dour and set in his opinions.'" In spite of his early association with
orthopaedics at Jefferson, Oscar Allis regarded himself at all times as a general surgeon, and his organizational memberships reflected that distinction. When he left Jefferson, the position of Clinical Lecturer in Orthopaedic Surgery was given to H. Augustus Wilson, an 1879 graduate of Jefferson.

Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.